Gender inequality is often greater among the poor, both within and across countries. Generally, the gap between boys and girls is even greater in poorer and more isolated communities. However, the participation of women in the labor market has grown significantly in last few decades, a rate faster than that for men, and the gender gap in wages has narrowed as well. According to a World Bank Report, the life expectancy of women has increased by 20–25 years in many developing countries like India over the past fifty years.

Slowly but steadily women’s empowerment has started to follow naturally. To increase the progress there is therefore a greater need for specific policies targeted at improving the condition of women.

First and foremost there is a need to fight poverty and to create the conditions for economic growth in poor communities. Recent research suggests that economic growth, by reducing poverty and increasing opportunity, can indeed have an important positive impact on gender equality.

The first way by which economic development reduces inequality is by relaxing the constraints poor households face, thus reducing the frequency at which they are placed in the position to make life or death choices. Because these tragic choices are often resolved at the expense of women’s well-being, increasing the resources  available to families, as economic development does, reduces the excess vulnerability of women.

In the communities where the preference for boys is strongest, there is an evidence that girls systematically receive less care than boys under normal circumstances. In order to nip this evil right in the bud there is a need to create the conditions for economic growth in poorer sections. Only by doing this we can expect a positive impact on gender equality.

The fact that women have fewer opportunities in the labour market is also a factor contributing to their unequal treatment in the household. Parents have lower aspirations for their daughters than for their sons, and as a result, female teenagers themselves have even lower aspirations.

In last few years the emergence of India as a world economy has lead to improved gender equality. The results are visible in few developed pockets of the country. But, the vast majority of the country still needs to develop in real senses.

From Sarojini Naidu to Indira Gandhi to Kiran Bedi India has produced many women leaders and each one of them is remembered for her contributions towards the society.

Women have time and again proved to be a better decision makers. Since they are particularly concerned about child health and nutrition, they prefer policies that will help them achieve these objectives. Another biggest advantage would be that women are in favour of policies that increase their bargaining power within the household, and in turn help in women empowerment.

At local levels the law reserves one third of local governance seats to the women. After such a constitutional amendment, the political representation and participation of women has increased. Statistics show that they have not only fared better than men, but have led to holistic development during their regimes. Women have comparatively worked in the areas of basic amenities like education drinking water, sanitation, economic and infrastructure development which has led to an overall development of their respective regions.

Development. In a world run by women looks decidedly different. Women leaders do seem to better represent the needs of women. This is true even in an environment, where women traditionally have had very little power, female literacy is very low, and where many believe women leaders are simply believed to implement the wishes of their husbands. But, in fact, these women are changing the realities on the ground.

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